The trading volume in the world is growing day by day. By the trade development, maritime trade is also improving and container ports and transshipment centers are rising in value day by day. Containers that arrive in these ports where they are loaded or unloaded are transported to the required places by other vehicles, or the maintenance and temporary stacking of shipping containers can also take place in these ports. The country with the highest capacity among the world’s ports is the People’s Republic of China. China is followed by the USA, Germany, and Japan, respectively. These countries are considered the centers of maritime trading in the world. Of course, there are many ports and transshipment centers in these countries.
As of 2017, seven of the top ten largest ports in the world belong to China. The world’s largest container port is Shanghai Port. This port is the first in the world with its freighting capacity of 505 million 700 thousand tons. This port locates over an area of 3619 square kilometers. This is equivalent to approximately 507 football fields. This port is followed by Singapore Port with 472 million 300 thousand tons of cargo. International trade substantially depends on waterways. Countries that understand the importance of trade over waterways expand their trading capacity by building modern and massive ports. Countries with the largest economy in the world can reach over the four corners of the world thanks to the large ports they built. In this way, countries can improve both their imports and exports.
Container transportation constitutes the main element of the trade flow all over the world. However, the operation of ports is changing by its usage. It can be used for purposes such as tankers, container and open freight transportation, or private use. Looking at the map of world ports, container ports are centered in the Far East, North America, and Europe. Container ports of different countries in the world are listed below.
Turkey Ports: The busiest port in Turkey is Istanbul Ambarlı Port. Asyaport Container Port, which is newly constructed, is the first transit container port of Turkey. Important ports in Turkey locates in Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli, Trabzon, Samsun, and Mersin.
United States Ports: The largest container port in the United States is the Port of Los Angeles. It also has ports in Anchorage, Baltimore, Boston, Charleston, Honolulu, Houston, Chicago, Prudhoe Bay, San Francisco, Duluth, New Orleans, New York, Toledo, Hampton Roads, Jacksonville, Philadelphia, Canaveral, Portland (Oregon), Savannah, Seattle, Tampa.
Germany Ports: Germany’s largest container port is located in Hamburg. Annually more than ten thousand container ships enter and exit this port. Berlin, Bonn, Brake, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Mannheim, Rostock, Cologne, Dresden, Duisburg, Emden, Kiel, Luebeck, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Magdeburg, Stuttgart are ports in Germany.
Belgium Ports: Belgium’s largest container port is located in Antwerp. Moreover, there are container ports in cities such as Bruges, Gent, and Liege.
United Arab Emirates Ports: Located in the United Arab Emirates, Dubai Port is considered the largest port in the Middle East. Thanks to its dynamic and modern structure, the ports in the United Arab Emirates has an important place among the world’s ports. Ajman, Umm al Qaywayn, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Mina Khalid, Mina Rashid, Dubai, Khawr Fakkan, Mina Jabal Ali, Mina Saqr, Mina Zayid, Jebel Ali, Abu Dhabi are ports in the United Arab Emirates.
Brasil Ports: Brazil is a South American country on the Atlantic Ocean. The container ports in Brazil can be listed as follows; Belem, Fortaleza, Recife, Ilheus, Imbituba, Rio de Janeiro, Vitoria, Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande, Salvador, Santos.
Ports of the People’s Republic of China: 7 of the top 10 ports in the world ports list are in China. There are ports of Hong Kong, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Yantai, Zhanjiang, Haikou, Huangpu, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shantou, Tianjin, Xiamen, Lianyungang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Xingang, in China.
South Korea Ports:The city of Busan in South Korea is at 6th place in the world’s busiest container ports list. Except from Busan in South Korea, Chinhae, Inch’on, Kunsan, Masan, Mokp’o, P’ohang, Tonghae- hang, Ulsan, Yosu ports are also the most significant ports of the country.
Holland Ports: Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands is the largest port in Europe. Also, the history of this port goes back to the 14th century. Other ports in the Netherlands are as follows: Amsterdam, Maastricht, Vlissingen, Delfzijl, Dordrecht, Eemshaven, Terneuzen, Utrecht, Groningen, Haarlem, Ijmuiden.
UK Ports: There are ports of Aberdeen, Belfast, Bristol, Plymouth, Portsmouth, Cardiff, Glasgow, Grangemouth, Hull, Manchester, Peterhead, Leith, Liverpool, London, Southampton.
Spain Ports: Spain is a country on the ocean. Spain, which has a history in terms of maritime, has many coastal towns. These are towns such as Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadiz, Gijon, Aviles, Santander, Pasajes, Tarragona, Cartagena, Castellon de la Plana, Ceuta, Huelva, La Coruna, Vigo, Las Palmas (Canary Islands), Malaga, Melilla, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands) and Valencia.
Japan Ports:Japan is known for its maritime trading volume and has ports of Akita, Osaka, Shimizu, Tokyo, Amagasaki, Chiba, Hachinohe, Mizushima, Higashi-Harima, Moji, Hakodate, Tomakomai, Himeji, Hiroshima, Kawasaki, Kinuura, Kobe, Kushiro in Japan. Nagoya, Sakai, Sakaide.
Canada Ports: Ports of Quebec, Hamilton, Montreal, Churchill, Halifax, New Westminster, Prince Rupert, Saint John, Trois-Rivieres, Thunder Bay, St. John’s, Sept Isles, Sydney, Toronto, Vancouver, Windsor are located in Canada.
Portugal Ports: The port of Leixões in Portugal is among the most prominent ports in the country. Apart from this port, there are the ports of Aveiro, Horta, Lisbon, Porto, Ponta Delgada, Praia da Vitoria, Setubal, and Viana do Castelo.
Russia Ports: We can list the ports in Russia as follows: Khabarovsk, Tuapse, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Nevelsk, Novorossiysk, Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Vostochnyy, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Saint Petersburg, Rostov, Sochi, Vyborg, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan.